Skin and Hair

About Skin and Hair

Acharya Sushruta has mentioned five sensory organs i.e.Sparshanendriya is one of the Gyanendriyas whose adhishthana is Twacha (skin). As we know, skin is the largest sense organ of the body which senses touch, pain, pressure, temperature etc. It is also known as “The First Line of Defense”.

The skin, also known as the cutaneous membrane is the largest organ of the body, with a total area of about 20 square feet and weighs 4.5-5kg, about 7% of total body weight. Skin is known as “The First Line of Defence” as it shields us from microorganisms and other attacking components. It is a part of an integumentary system that adds to
homeostasis by protecting the body and regulating internal body temperature. It likewise permits us to detect pleasurable, excruciating and other stimuli in the external environment.

Skin Layers

  • Twacha has seven layersLikely correlation between Layers of skin and twacha
    • Horne layer – Avabhasini
    • Stratum Lucidum – Lohita
    • Stratum Granulosum – Sweta
    • Malphagian layer – Tamra
    • Papillary layer – Vedini
    • Reticular layer – Rohini

    Subcutaneous tissue and muscles – Mamsadhara


Modern texts have grouped the skin into two main parts:

  • 1. Epidermis – The superficial, thinner portion, which is composed of epithelial tissue.
  • 2. Dermis – The deeper, thicker portion of connective tissue.

In Ayurvedic Literature, skin diseases are described under “Kushta Roga”. These are of two types

  1. Maha Kustha
  2. Kshudra Kustha

Skin disorder is the result of some kind of internal pathology. No agreeable outcomes have been made till date in the part of relieving skin disorders (twacha roga). Ayurveda gives important data in regards to different herbs which are helpful in restoring different skin issues. It plays a specific part in one’s character. In this way, issues of skin (twacha) trouble on physical level as well as on a mental level as well.

Skin is a site for Vata and Bhrajaka pitta dosha

Dhatus like mamsa dhatu are directly related to the skin. Twacha is upadhatu and also root of mamsavaha
Strotas. Also, rasa, and rakta, dhatus are
indirectly related to skin. While lusture of body which is reflection of good shukra is also seen on skin.

Skin (Twacha) is one of the significant presentable organ of the body. It plays an unequivocal part in one’s personality. So disorders of Skin (twacha) affect not only on somatic level but also on psychological level too.